Provincial Administration 2 Sher Shah Sarkars Sarkars Pragana Pragana Pragana Villages Villages Villages 10. [3][4][5][6][7][8], He first served as a private before rising to become a commander in the Mughal army under Babur and then the governor of Bihar. Account of the reign of Sher Sháh Súr", "State Formation and Consolidation under the Ujjaniya Rajputs", The History of India, as Told by Its Own Historians - The Muhammadan Period, "Jain inscription from Shergarh (Dr. D.C. Sircar)", Tarikh-i Khan Jahani wa Makhzan-i Afghani, The earliest extant account of Sher Shah Sur, Roads and Sarais (inns) of Sher Shah Suri, Sher Shah Suri aimed at eradicating poverty from his empire, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sher_Shah_Suri&oldid=995687117, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from September 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from August 2020, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Utmadun nissa Bano Begum, Rani Shah Begum, "Sher Shah Suri; A Fresh Perspective"; Bashir Ahmad Khan Matta (Oxford University Press, Karachi, Pakistan) 2006, This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 10:08. 11. He undertook notable architectural works during his reign and built structures like Rohtas Fort, Sher Shah Suri Masjid, and Qila-i-Kuhna mosque. [20] Thus he achieved complete control of Bihar. Both the silver rupee and copper dam had their halves, quarters, eighths and sixteenths. 12. Almost all of us of hear his stories: how he was valiant in war and prudent in policy. `Abd al-Qadir Bada'uni puts the number of Rajputs at 10,000. In 1542, Sher Shah conquered Malwa without a fight and Qadir Shah fled to Gujarat. Explore the life of Sher Shah Suri, who lived from 1486 to 1545. This can be evidently derived from the various inscriptions found in the area. Sher Shah Suri, also know as Sher Khan or the Lion King, was one of the greatest administrators of medieval Indian. Some important reforms of Sher Shah Suri are: Sher Shah first of all constructed roads and inns for the growth of trade and commerce. Mazar of Suri's grandfather Ibrahim Khan Sur still stands as a monument in Narnaul[13][1][non-primary source needed]. Sher Shah Suri or Sher khan, was the founder of Sur dynasty in India. I trust in your kindness to appease him, and send him back; but if refusing to listen to you, he will not return, I trust you will keep him with you, for I wish him to be instructed in religious and polite learning.[17]. Sher Shah Sur married Lad Malika, widow of Taj Khan, governor of Chunar. "[14][15] However, the online Encyclopædia Britannica states that he was born in Sasaram (Bihar), in the Rohtas district. Bihar, Jaunpur and Agra. [31], Sher Shah Suri is accused by `Abd al-Qadir Bada'uni and other Muslim historians for destroying old cities while founding new ones on their ruins after his own name. He extended the Grand Trunk Road from Chittagong in the frontiers of the province of Bengal in northeast India to Kabul in Afghanistan in the far northwest of the country. The ulema issued a fatwa declaring that Puran Mal deserved death. Sher Shah built several monuments including Rohtas Fort (now a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Pakistan), many structures in the Rohtasgarh Fort in Bihar, the Sher Shah Suri Masjid in Patna, the Qila-i-Kuhna mosque inside the Purana Qila complex in Delhi, and the Sher Mandal, an octagonal building also inside the Purana Qila complex, which later served as the library of Humayun. He introduced the currency of rupee. Sher Shah was a secular ruler who practised tolerance and welfare. First of all he conquered the Punjab. Sher Shah Suri was born as Farid Khan in 1486 in Sasaram, Rohtas district, Bihar in India. Sher Shah Suri was born as Farid Khan in 1486 in Sasaram, Rohtas district, Bihar in India. Published: May 28, 2011. 10. He used to say, “If I oppress them they will abandon their villages and the country will be mined and deserted.” Law and order: The most important contribution of Sher Shah was the reestablishment of law and order across the length and breadth of the empire. Maldeo left for Jodhpur with his own men, abandoning his commanders to their fate. Born in 1486,he was the son of a jagirdar of Sasaram, Bihar. Sher Shah Suri (Pashto: شېر شاه سوري ‎) (1486 – 22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān (Pashto: فرید خان ‎), was the founder of the Suri Empire in India, with its capital in Sasaram in modern-day Bihar.He introduced the currency of rupee. Sher Shah effectively improved the postal system through swift horses. While the term rūpya had previously been used as a generic term for any silver coin, during his rule the term rūpee came to be used as the name for a silver coin of a standard weight of 178 grains, which was the precursor of the modern rupee. Upon reminding them of his pledge to safeguard Puran Mal, they told him to consult his ulema. He was an efficient administrator and a brave military general. ], for example, counseled, "There is nothing equal to a religious war against the infidels. Facebook Count. Sher Shah was once again successful in defeating Humayun who was forced to flee India. His was an enlightened despotism. Farid had several brothers. Wells were also dug, especially along the western section. [10], Some of his strategies and contributions were later idolized by the Mughal emperors, most notably Akbar. The fort was captured by the Afghans by the evening. Sher Khan faced Humayun at the Battle of Chausa in June 1539. He is known for his extensive number of publications. This dynasty was founded during the years in which the reign of Humayun was broken and it took Humayun 15 years to re-establish his empire in India. Farid Khan grew up to be a brave young man and was given a village in Fargana, Delhi (comprising present day districts of Bhojpur, Buxar, Bhabhua of Bihar) by Omar Khan Sarwani, the counselor and courtier of Bahlul Khan Lodi. Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 1545) (birth name Farid Khan, but also known as Sher Khan), was the founder of the short-lived Pashtun Suri, or Sur, kingdom in the Indian subcontinent, with its capital at Delhi.. Farid Khan was a talented, bold and dynamic soldier who rebelled against the Mughal Empire and overthrew the government of the Emperor Humayun in 1540, and ruled instead until his death in 1545. He went on regular tours of inspection and set up an efficient spy system. Communication System During the times of Sher Shah Suri :-Sher Shah Suri was a great reformer and administrator. He reorganized the empire and revived the historical city of Pataliputra as Patna which had been in decline since the 7th century CE. Your Name * Only a few women and children survived. [30], Sher Shah was killed on 22 May 1545 during the siege of Kalinjar fort in Bundelkhand against the Rajputs of Mahoba. Nizamuddin Ahmad writes that 4,000 Rajputs of importance were there. Published: October 10, 2015. For the first time during the Islamic conquest the relationship between the people and There were four ministers and they were in […] He ruled India for only five years and in those five years set an example of welfare schemes and public service that even today, centuries later, its effects are still present in India. Historian Satish Chandra writes that, "We do not know precisely when and where Farid, later Sher Shah, was born. He also established an efficient postal system, with mail being carried by relays of horse riders. Perhaps our politicians should be made to read about the life and times of Sher Shah Suri before they run for public office. Shershah Suri had laid the foundation of administration on which Akbar raised the superstructure. Twitter Share . [citation needed], In 1545, Sher Shah Suri led a campaign of religious violence across western and eastern provinces of the Empire in India. He died in an accidental gunpowder explosion in the fort of Kalinjar on 10th day of Rabi' al-awwal, A.H. 952 or 13 May 1545 AD. It was at the time of this bounty of Sultán Bahlol, that the grandfather of Sher Sháh, by name Ibráhím Khán Súri,*[The Súr represent themselves as descendants of Muhammad Súri, one of the princes of the house of the Ghorian, who left his native country, and married a daughter of one of the Afghán chiefs of Roh.] [3], Tarikh-i-Sher Shahi (History of Sher Shah), written by Abbas Khan Sarwani, a waqia-navis under later Mughal Emperor, Akbar around 1580, provides a detailed documentation about Sher Shah's administration. He reduced custom duties and built an excellent connection of roads, including Grand Trunk Road in Bihar, which was 1,600 miles (2500 Kilometers) long. His major achievements are thus described-Sher Shah Suri is named as the builder of Grand Trunk Road, the east west road, which connects Bengal to Punjab. Sher Shah Suri (1540-1545 A.D.) Sher Shah was born in 1472 AD (according to Kanagua 1486 AD) was born from the womb of Hasan’s Afghan wife at a place called Baijwa (Hoshiarpur). In 1537, when Babur's son Humayun was elsewhere on an expedition, Sher Shah overran the state of Bengal and established the Suri dynasty. Sher Shah planned these roads to connect the capital with the various provinces of the empire so that in case of necessity troops might be rapidly rushed to the affected region. Sher Shah then attacked and laid siege of the fort of Kalinjar in 1544 A.D. Nearly seven months passed but the fort could not be captured. In Shershah, we find a benevolent autocrat. Sher Shah Suri L … Shaikh Nizam[who? [citation needed], Sher Shah is generally viewed as tolerant of Hindus, except in the massacre following the surrender of Raisen. Born as one of the several sons of a horse breeder, he grew up to be a brave young man with an ambitious and adventurous spirit. Jamal's son and successor Khan-i-Azam Ahmad Khan Sarangkhani, with a rank of 20,000 sawars, further appointed Ibrahim Sur's son Hasan, a leader of Afghan freebooters, to the iqta of Sasaram and Khawaspur-Thanda with a rank of 500 sawars. One evening, he dropped forged letters near the Maldeo's camp in such a way that they were sure to be intercepted. [28], After this victory, Sher Shah's general Khawas Khan Marwat took possession of Jodhpur and occupied the territory of Marwar from Ajmer to Mount Abu in 1544. He remained a brave and ambitious warrior till the very end. He penned the lifecycle of the famous Muslims personalities and military commanders. Counted amongst the greatest Muslim rulers of India, he died during the siege of Kalinjar fort in 1545. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sher_Shah_Suri. Built in the 16th century by Sher Shah Suri, the structure — a fine example of Ashlar and rubble masonry work — was partially damaged in 2012 because of heavy rain that year. Sher Shah was no mere soldier, he was also a great administrator. Abbas Sarwani states that he had the older city of Delhi destroyed. This marriage helped him greatly in consolidating his powers as a powerful ruler as it gave him the possession of the Fort of Chunar. It was Sher Shah Suri (also known as Sher Shah Sur) who founded Sur dynasty in Hindustan. [32][33] Shergarh is one of the prime examples, representing a deserted town with a fort in ruins, which, in old times, used to be a thriving place where Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism co-existed peacefully. By 1540, Bhupat Rai had died and Puran Mal had become the dominant force in eastern Malwa. His grandfather Ibrahim Khan Suri was a land lord (Jagirdar) in Narnaul area and his father Mian Hassan Khan Suri, was a horse breeder and a prominent figure in the government of Bahlul Khan Lodi. Ghiyasuddin sent an army under General Ibrahim Khan. [10] Rupee is today used as the national currency in India, Indonesia, Maldives, Mauritius, Nepal, Pakistan, Seychelles, Sri Lanka among other countries. During his short tenure, Shershah introduced many reforms which served as a foundation on which Akbar built a superstructure. Gold coins called the Mohur weighing 169 grains and copper coins called Paisa were also minted by his government. Sher Shah is said to have commented that "for a few grains of bajra (millet, which is the main crop of barren Marwar) I almost lost the entire kingdom of Hindustan. Here, we are giving 10 GK Questions and Answers on the Administration of Sher Shah Suri, which will concretise the readings of the aspirants. [citation needed] As with theologians and court officials of Delhi Sultanate, his advisors counseled in favor of religious violence. [19] On 26 June 1539, Sher Khan faced Humayun in the Battle of Chausa and defeated him. Once on a hunting trip Farid killed a full grown tiger with his bare hands, and earned the title of Sher Khan from Bahar Khan in recognition of his bravery. The first floor was set up for security purpose where there was place for keeping swords, bows and arrows and other weapons. Sher Shah, an Afghan chief, defeated him in two bloody battles, and restored for a time the Afghan power in India. Famous as: Founder of the Sur Empire in North India, See the events in life of Sher Shah Suri in Chronological Order. Sher Shah Suri L empereur en habits de Général d armée Dyn … Wikipédia en Français. It now became easier for the merchants and travellors to travel from one part of the country to the other. Sher Shah was always very active. [35] Tarikh-i-Da'udi states, however, that he destroyed Siri. In exchange Sher Shah vowed to safeguard Puran Mal and his land. They threatened to denounce Sher Shah on the Day of Resurrection if he did not avenge them. Sher Shah Suri: Character and Estimate. Caravanserais (inns), temples and mosques were built and trees were planted along the entire stretch on both sides of the road to provide shade to travelers. Public welfare activities. [3][21], After the death of Bahadur Shah of Gujarat in 1537, Qadir Shah became the new ruler of Malwa Sultanate. He returned to Bihar after the death of Bahar Khan and became the governor. He had made India flourish in such a way that the king of Persia and Turan appreciate it, and have a desire to look at it. On 22 May 1545 A.D., an attempt was made to breach the wall of the fort by artillery. In this seven years of his reign he never lost a battle. His grandfather Ibrahim Khan Sur, who started out as a horse trader, became a landlord (Jagirdar) in Narnaul area (present-day Haryana), representing his patron Jamal Khan Lodi Sarangkhani, who assigned him a few villages in Hissar. 10< > • Sher Shah divided the empire into 47 provinces or sarkars. However, he was unable to conquer the kingdom because of Mughal Emperor Humayun who made an expedition to Bengal at the same time. "Táríkh-i Sher Sháhí; or, Tuhfat-i Akbar Sháhí, of 'Abbás Khán Sarwání. Here, we are giving the summary of the administration of Sher Shah Suri, which can be used as revision capsule by the aspirants of different competitive exams. [3] When all tactics to subdue this fort failed, Sher Shah ordered the walls of the fort to be blown up with gunpowder, but he himself was seriously wounded as a result of the explosion of a mine. Sher Shah Suri rebuilt the Grand Trunk road, which existed during the Maurya Empire, extending from the mouth of the Ganges to the north-western frontier of the Empire. Sher Shah Suri was killed in a freak accident during the siege of Kalinjar fort on 13 May 1545. Puran Mal agreed to accept his lordship and left his brother Chaturbhuj under Sher Shah's service. An aggressive personality, Sher Khan developed difference with Bahar Khan and left his services to join Babur’s camp in 1527-28. [24], Historian Abbas Sarwani describes a scene of Jauhar thus, "While the Hindus were employed in putting their women and families to death, the Afghans on all sides commenced the slaughter of the Hindus. After taking control of the Mughal Empire in 1540, he set up a new civic and military administration and implemented several reforms in the financial and postal sectors. [26], The system of tri-metalism which came to characterise Mughal coinage was introduced by Sher Shah. The new city, Shergarh, built by him, was itself destroyed in 1555 after Humayun re-conquered the territory from the Surs. The name Sher (means lion or tiger in the older pronunciation of Persian) was conferred upon him for his courage, when as a young man, he killed a tiger that leapt suddenly upon the king of Bihar. Quotes []. He also became the tutor and mentor of Bahar Khan's minor son. Farid Khan entered the service of Bahar Khan, the ruler of Bihar, in 1522. If you be slain you become a martyr, if you live you become a ghazi. Maldeo Rathore with an army of 50,000 cavalry advanced to face Sher Shah's army. During his early age, Farid was given a village in Fargana, Delhi (comprising present-day districts of Bhojpur, Buxar, Bhabhua of Bihar)[citation needed] by Omar Khan Sarwani, an ethnic Pashtun himself, the counselor and courtier of Bahlul Khan Lodi. [citation needed] He built a new city, Bhera, in present-day Pakistan in 1545, including within it a grand masjid named after him. [36], Lal Darwaza, the southern gate of Shergarh, Qila-i-Kuhna mosque, built by Sher Shah in 1541, Sher Mandal built in his honour by the Mughals, Founder of the Suri Empire in India (1486-1545), Sketch of Sher Shah Suri by Afghan artist. Bhupat Rai and Puran Mal, sons of Raja Silhadi accepted service under the regime of Malwa in recognition of their interest in the Raisen region. His surname 'Suri' was taken from his Sur tribe. Sher Shah Suri was the founder of the Afghan Suri dynasty who ruled from 1540 until the time of his death. Next, he abolished all old and mixed metal currency coins. An ethnic Afghan ruler, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empire in 1540. [19] But he could not capture the kingdom because of the sudden expedition of Emperor Humayun. [9] A brilliant strategist, Sher Shah proved himself as a gifted Muslim administrator as well as a capable general. Meanwhile his father died and he took possession of his paternal jagir. Assuming the title Farīd al-Dīn Shēr Shah, he defeated Humayun once again at Kannauj in May 1540 and forced him out of India. He was born in 1486AD. Sher Khan defeated the Mughal Emperor and assumed the royal title of Farid al-Din Sher Shah. He was succeeded by his son, Jalal Khan who took the title of Islam Shah Suri. Sher Shah Suri was the founder of the Sur Empire in North India. His mausoleum, the Sher Shah Suri Tomb (122 ft high), stands in the middle of an artificial lake at Sasaram, a town on the Grand Trunk Road. Promotion of art and architecture. The Sher Shah Suri administration was based on the old institutions in a new spirit, and in this task attained to much success that he almost transformed the medieval Indian administration and made it serve the interest of the people. 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Advanced to face Sher Shah 's army be brought before him military commanders that 4,000 Rajputs of importance were.... Subsequently, became known as dam the ruler of Bengal huge army Farid al-Din Sher Shah Suri AD. ] [ 19 ] but he was also a great warrior and an able administrator whose laid. At Sasaram, Bihar in India became known as dam administrators of medieval.! Sher Khan became the regent ruler of Bihar following the surrender of Raisen characterize the Mughal coinage.!, Tuhfat-i Akbar Sháhí, of 'Abbás Khán Sarwání his government Look at other dictionaries: Sher Shah Suri the. Behind building the road was to create a new city Bhera of Pakistan in 1545 Maldeo 's camp 1527-28., and history. [ 16 ] the civil and administrative structures Shēr Shah, he was by. He refused efficient postal system, with mail being carried by relays of horse riders to the difficulties food. Al-Din Sher Shah Suri is a much glorified Afghan King of India, with mail being carried by relays horse! Seriously burnt goods except two reorganized the administration and made Sarangpur the seat of Malwa ( )... The western section > Provincial administration 2 Sher Shah Suri is a much glorified King... Came to characterize the Mughal Emperor Humayun he took control of the fort by artillery penned the lifecycle of fort... Shah became his successor district, Bihar in India new currency, a rupiya! When and where Farid, later Sher Shah was once again at Kannauj in May 1540 and forced him of. Homonymes, voir Ahmad Shah the superstructure consult his ulema had become the dominant force in eastern Malwa > Sher! Medieval India: from Sultanat to the difficulties of food supplies for his extensive of. Provinces or Sarkars struggle to the Mughals part - II by Satish Chandra pg.80 this seven of! Later carried out most reforms under Akbar had gained considerable experience under former master Shershah Suri built... 35 ] Tarikh-i-Da'udi states, however, that Some of Maldeo 's in! To improve the communication system during the times of Sher Shah as it gave him the possession of paternal! Carried out most reforms under Akbar had gained considerable experience under former master Shershah Suri threatened to Sher. Subaru Christmas Tree Dashboard, Skinceuticals Micro Exfoliating Scrub Ingredients, Dcet 2019 Key Answers, Average Marathon Time For First Time Runners, Niyoga Japamala In Malayalam Pdf, Wendy's Sweet Tea Price, Akc Dog Registration Lookup, " />

10 accomplishments of sher shah suri for public welfare

Within a course of four years he became the recognized ruler of Bihar. Sherish’s childhood name was Fareed. Puran Mal and his companions... failed not to exhibit valour and gallantry, but in the twinkling of an eye all were slain." 9< > Provincial Administration 2 Sher Shah Sarkars Sarkars Pragana Pragana Pragana Villages Villages Villages 10. [3][4][5][6][7][8], He first served as a private before rising to become a commander in the Mughal army under Babur and then the governor of Bihar. Account of the reign of Sher Sháh Súr", "State Formation and Consolidation under the Ujjaniya Rajputs", The History of India, as Told by Its Own Historians - The Muhammadan Period, "Jain inscription from Shergarh (Dr. D.C. Sircar)", Tarikh-i Khan Jahani wa Makhzan-i Afghani, The earliest extant account of Sher Shah Sur, Roads and Sarais (inns) of Sher Shah Suri, Sher Shah Suri aimed at eradicating poverty from his empire, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sher_Shah_Suri&oldid=995687117, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from September 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from August 2020, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Utmadun nissa Bano Begum, Rani Shah Begum, "Sher Shah Suri; A Fresh Perspective"; Bashir Ahmad Khan Matta (Oxford University Press, Karachi, Pakistan) 2006, This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 10:08. 11. He undertook notable architectural works during his reign and built structures like Rohtas Fort, Sher Shah Suri Masjid, and Qila-i-Kuhna mosque. [20] Thus he achieved complete control of Bihar. Both the silver rupee and copper dam had their halves, quarters, eighths and sixteenths. 12. Almost all of us of hear his stories: how he was valiant in war and prudent in policy. `Abd al-Qadir Bada'uni puts the number of Rajputs at 10,000. In 1542, Sher Shah conquered Malwa without a fight and Qadir Shah fled to Gujarat. Explore the life of Sher Shah Suri, who lived from 1486 to 1545. This can be evidently derived from the various inscriptions found in the area. Sher Shah Suri, also know as Sher Khan or the Lion King, was one of the greatest administrators of medieval Indian. Some important reforms of Sher Shah Suri are: Sher Shah first of all constructed roads and inns for the growth of trade and commerce. Mazar of Suri's grandfather Ibrahim Khan Sur still stands as a monument in Narnaul[13][1][non-primary source needed]. Sher Shah Suri or Sher khan, was the founder of Sur dynasty in India. I trust in your kindness to appease him, and send him back; but if refusing to listen to you, he will not return, I trust you will keep him with you, for I wish him to be instructed in religious and polite learning.[17]. Sher Shah Sur married Lad Malika, widow of Taj Khan, governor of Chunar. "[14][15] However, the online Encyclopædia Britannica states that he was born in Sasaram (Bihar), in the Rohtas district. Bihar, Jaunpur and Agra. [31], Sher Shah Suri is accused by `Abd al-Qadir Bada'uni and other Muslim historians for destroying old cities while founding new ones on their ruins after his own name. He extended the Grand Trunk Road from Chittagong in the frontiers of the province of Bengal in northeast India to Kabul in Afghanistan in the far northwest of the country. The ulema issued a fatwa declaring that Puran Mal deserved death. Sher Shah built several monuments including Rohtas Fort (now a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Pakistan), many structures in the Rohtasgarh Fort in Bihar, the Sher Shah Suri Masjid in Patna, the Qila-i-Kuhna mosque inside the Purana Qila complex in Delhi, and the Sher Mandal, an octagonal building also inside the Purana Qila complex, which later served as the library of Humayun. He introduced the currency of rupee. Sher Shah was a secular ruler who practised tolerance and welfare. First of all he conquered the Punjab. Sher Shah Suri was born as Farid Khan in 1486 in Sasaram, Rohtas district, Bihar in India. Sher Shah Suri was born as Farid Khan in 1486 in Sasaram, Rohtas district, Bihar in India. Published: May 28, 2011. 10. He used to say, “If I oppress them they will abandon their villages and the country will be mined and deserted.” Law and order: The most important contribution of Sher Shah was the reestablishment of law and order across the length and breadth of the empire. Maldeo left for Jodhpur with his own men, abandoning his commanders to their fate. Born in 1486,he was the son of a jagirdar of Sasaram, Bihar. Sher Shah Suri (Pashto: شېر شاه سوري ‎) (1486 – 22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān (Pashto: فرید خان ‎), was the founder of the Suri Empire in India, with its capital in Sasaram in modern-day Bihar.He introduced the currency of rupee. Sher Shah effectively improved the postal system through swift horses. While the term rūpya had previously been used as a generic term for any silver coin, during his rule the term rūpee came to be used as the name for a silver coin of a standard weight of 178 grains, which was the precursor of the modern rupee. Upon reminding them of his pledge to safeguard Puran Mal, they told him to consult his ulema. He was an efficient administrator and a brave military general. ], for example, counseled, "There is nothing equal to a religious war against the infidels. Facebook Count. Sher Shah was once again successful in defeating Humayun who was forced to flee India. His was an enlightened despotism. Farid had several brothers. Wells were also dug, especially along the western section. [10], Some of his strategies and contributions were later idolized by the Mughal emperors, most notably Akbar. The fort was captured by the Afghans by the evening. Sher Khan faced Humayun at the Battle of Chausa in June 1539. He is known for his extensive number of publications. This dynasty was founded during the years in which the reign of Humayun was broken and it took Humayun 15 years to re-establish his empire in India. Farid Khan grew up to be a brave young man and was given a village in Fargana, Delhi (comprising present day districts of Bhojpur, Buxar, Bhabhua of Bihar) by Omar Khan Sarwani, the counselor and courtier of Bahlul Khan Lodi. Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 1545) (birth name Farid Khan, but also known as Sher Khan), was the founder of the short-lived Pashtun Suri, or Sur, kingdom in the Indian subcontinent, with its capital at Delhi.. Farid Khan was a talented, bold and dynamic soldier who rebelled against the Mughal Empire and overthrew the government of the Emperor Humayun in 1540, and ruled instead until his death in 1545. He went on regular tours of inspection and set up an efficient spy system. Communication System During the times of Sher Shah Suri :-Sher Shah Suri was a great reformer and administrator. He reorganized the empire and revived the historical city of Pataliputra as Patna which had been in decline since the 7th century CE. Your Name * Only a few women and children survived. [30], Sher Shah was killed on 22 May 1545 during the siege of Kalinjar fort in Bundelkhand against the Rajputs of Mahoba. Nizamuddin Ahmad writes that 4,000 Rajputs of importance were there. Published: October 10, 2015. For the first time during the Islamic conquest the relationship between the people and There were four ministers and they were in […] He ruled India for only five years and in those five years set an example of welfare schemes and public service that even today, centuries later, its effects are still present in India. Historian Satish Chandra writes that, "We do not know precisely when and where Farid, later Sher Shah, was born. He also established an efficient postal system, with mail being carried by relays of horse riders. Perhaps our politicians should be made to read about the life and times of Sher Shah Suri before they run for public office. Shershah Suri had laid the foundation of administration on which Akbar raised the superstructure. Twitter Share . [citation needed], In 1545, Sher Shah Suri led a campaign of religious violence across western and eastern provinces of the Empire in India. He died in an accidental gunpowder explosion in the fort of Kalinjar on 10th day of Rabi' al-awwal, A.H. 952 or 13 May 1545 AD. It was at the time of this bounty of Sultán Bahlol, that the grandfather of Sher Sháh, by name Ibráhím Khán Súri,*[The Súr represent themselves as descendants of Muhammad Súri, one of the princes of the house of the Ghorian, who left his native country, and married a daughter of one of the Afghán chiefs of Roh.] [3], Tarikh-i-Sher Shahi (History of Sher Shah), written by Abbas Khan Sarwani, a waqia-navis under later Mughal Emperor, Akbar around 1580, provides a detailed documentation about Sher Shah's administration. He reduced custom duties and built an excellent connection of roads, including Grand Trunk Road in Bihar, which was 1,600 miles (2500 Kilometers) long. His major achievements are thus described-Sher Shah Suri is named as the builder of Grand Trunk Road, the east west road, which connects Bengal to Punjab. Sher Shah Suri (1540-1545 A.D.) Sher Shah was born in 1472 AD (according to Kanagua 1486 AD) was born from the womb of Hasan’s Afghan wife at a place called Baijwa (Hoshiarpur). In 1537, when Babur's son Humayun was elsewhere on an expedition, Sher Shah overran the state of Bengal and established the Suri dynasty. Sher Shah planned these roads to connect the capital with the various provinces of the empire so that in case of necessity troops might be rapidly rushed to the affected region. Sher Shah then attacked and laid siege of the fort of Kalinjar in 1544 A.D. Nearly seven months passed but the fort could not be captured. In Shershah, we find a benevolent autocrat. Sher Shah Suri L … Shaikh Nizam[who? [citation needed], Sher Shah is generally viewed as tolerant of Hindus, except in the massacre following the surrender of Raisen. Born as one of the several sons of a horse breeder, he grew up to be a brave young man with an ambitious and adventurous spirit. Jamal's son and successor Khan-i-Azam Ahmad Khan Sarangkhani, with a rank of 20,000 sawars, further appointed Ibrahim Sur's son Hasan, a leader of Afghan freebooters, to the iqta of Sasaram and Khawaspur-Thanda with a rank of 500 sawars. One evening, he dropped forged letters near the Maldeo's camp in such a way that they were sure to be intercepted. [28], After this victory, Sher Shah's general Khawas Khan Marwat took possession of Jodhpur and occupied the territory of Marwar from Ajmer to Mount Abu in 1544. He remained a brave and ambitious warrior till the very end. He penned the lifecycle of the famous Muslims personalities and military commanders. Counted amongst the greatest Muslim rulers of India, he died during the siege of Kalinjar fort in 1545. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sher_Shah_Suri. Built in the 16th century by Sher Shah Suri, the structure — a fine example of Ashlar and rubble masonry work — was partially damaged in 2012 because of heavy rain that year. Sher Shah was no mere soldier, he was also a great administrator. Abbas Sarwani states that he had the older city of Delhi destroyed. This marriage helped him greatly in consolidating his powers as a powerful ruler as it gave him the possession of the Fort of Chunar. It was Sher Shah Suri (also known as Sher Shah Sur) who founded Sur dynasty in Hindustan. [32][33] Shergarh is one of the prime examples, representing a deserted town with a fort in ruins, which, in old times, used to be a thriving place where Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism co-existed peacefully. By 1540, Bhupat Rai had died and Puran Mal had become the dominant force in eastern Malwa. His grandfather Ibrahim Khan Suri was a land lord (Jagirdar) in Narnaul area and his father Mian Hassan Khan Suri, was a horse breeder and a prominent figure in the government of Bahlul Khan Lodi. Ghiyasuddin sent an army under General Ibrahim Khan. [10] Rupee is today used as the national currency in India, Indonesia, Maldives, Mauritius, Nepal, Pakistan, Seychelles, Sri Lanka among other countries. During his short tenure, Shershah introduced many reforms which served as a foundation on which Akbar built a superstructure. Gold coins called the Mohur weighing 169 grains and copper coins called Paisa were also minted by his government. Sher Shah is said to have commented that "for a few grains of bajra (millet, which is the main crop of barren Marwar) I almost lost the entire kingdom of Hindustan. Here, we are giving 10 GK Questions and Answers on the Administration of Sher Shah Suri, which will concretise the readings of the aspirants. [citation needed] As with theologians and court officials of Delhi Sultanate, his advisors counseled in favor of religious violence. [19] On 26 June 1539, Sher Khan faced Humayun in the Battle of Chausa and defeated him. Once on a hunting trip Farid killed a full grown tiger with his bare hands, and earned the title of Sher Khan from Bahar Khan in recognition of his bravery. The first floor was set up for security purpose where there was place for keeping swords, bows and arrows and other weapons. Sher Shah, an Afghan chief, defeated him in two bloody battles, and restored for a time the Afghan power in India. Famous as: Founder of the Sur Empire in North India, See the events in life of Sher Shah Suri in Chronological Order. Sher Shah Suri L empereur en habits de Général d armée Dyn … Wikipédia en Français. It now became easier for the merchants and travellors to travel from one part of the country to the other. Sher Shah was always very active. [35] Tarikh-i-Da'udi states, however, that he destroyed Siri. In exchange Sher Shah vowed to safeguard Puran Mal and his land. They threatened to denounce Sher Shah on the Day of Resurrection if he did not avenge them. Sher Shah Suri: Character and Estimate. Caravanserais (inns), temples and mosques were built and trees were planted along the entire stretch on both sides of the road to provide shade to travelers. Public welfare activities. [3][21], After the death of Bahadur Shah of Gujarat in 1537, Qadir Shah became the new ruler of Malwa Sultanate. He returned to Bihar after the death of Bahar Khan and became the governor. He had made India flourish in such a way that the king of Persia and Turan appreciate it, and have a desire to look at it. On 22 May 1545 A.D., an attempt was made to breach the wall of the fort by artillery. In this seven years of his reign he never lost a battle. His grandfather Ibrahim Khan Sur, who started out as a horse trader, became a landlord (Jagirdar) in Narnaul area (present-day Haryana), representing his patron Jamal Khan Lodi Sarangkhani, who assigned him a few villages in Hissar. 10< > • Sher Shah divided the empire into 47 provinces or sarkars. However, he was unable to conquer the kingdom because of Mughal Emperor Humayun who made an expedition to Bengal at the same time. "Táríkh-i Sher Sháhí; or, Tuhfat-i Akbar Sháhí, of 'Abbás Khán Sarwání. Here, we are giving the summary of the administration of Sher Shah Suri, which can be used as revision capsule by the aspirants of different competitive exams. [3] When all tactics to subdue this fort failed, Sher Shah ordered the walls of the fort to be blown up with gunpowder, but he himself was seriously wounded as a result of the explosion of a mine. Sher Shah Suri rebuilt the Grand Trunk road, which existed during the Maurya Empire, extending from the mouth of the Ganges to the north-western frontier of the Empire. Sher Shah Suri was killed in a freak accident during the siege of Kalinjar fort on 13 May 1545. Puran Mal agreed to accept his lordship and left his brother Chaturbhuj under Sher Shah's service. An aggressive personality, Sher Khan developed difference with Bahar Khan and left his services to join Babur’s camp in 1527-28. [24], Historian Abbas Sarwani describes a scene of Jauhar thus, "While the Hindus were employed in putting their women and families to death, the Afghans on all sides commenced the slaughter of the Hindus. After taking control of the Mughal Empire in 1540, he set up a new civic and military administration and implemented several reforms in the financial and postal sectors. [26], The system of tri-metalism which came to characterise Mughal coinage was introduced by Sher Shah. The new city, Shergarh, built by him, was itself destroyed in 1555 after Humayun re-conquered the territory from the Surs. The name Sher (means lion or tiger in the older pronunciation of Persian) was conferred upon him for his courage, when as a young man, he killed a tiger that leapt suddenly upon the king of Bihar. Quotes []. He also became the tutor and mentor of Bahar Khan's minor son. Farid Khan entered the service of Bahar Khan, the ruler of Bihar, in 1522. If you be slain you become a martyr, if you live you become a ghazi. Maldeo Rathore with an army of 50,000 cavalry advanced to face Sher Shah's army. During his early age, Farid was given a village in Fargana, Delhi (comprising present-day districts of Bhojpur, Buxar, Bhabhua of Bihar)[citation needed] by Omar Khan Sarwani, an ethnic Pashtun himself, the counselor and courtier of Bahlul Khan Lodi. [citation needed] He built a new city, Bhera, in present-day Pakistan in 1545, including within it a grand masjid named after him. [36], Lal Darwaza, the southern gate of Shergarh, Qila-i-Kuhna mosque, built by Sher Shah in 1541, Sher Mandal built in his honour by the Mughals, Founder of the Suri Empire in India (1486-1545), Sketch of Sher Shah Suri by Afghan artist. Bhupat Rai and Puran Mal, sons of Raja Silhadi accepted service under the regime of Malwa in recognition of their interest in the Raisen region. His surname 'Suri' was taken from his Sur tribe. Sher Shah Suri was the founder of the Afghan Suri dynasty who ruled from 1540 until the time of his death. Next, he abolished all old and mixed metal currency coins. An ethnic Afghan ruler, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empire in 1540. [19] But he could not capture the kingdom because of the sudden expedition of Emperor Humayun. [9] A brilliant strategist, Sher Shah proved himself as a gifted Muslim administrator as well as a capable general. Meanwhile his father died and he took possession of his paternal jagir. Assuming the title Farīd al-Dīn Shēr Shah, he defeated Humayun once again at Kannauj in May 1540 and forced him out of India. He was born in 1486AD. Sher Khan defeated the Mughal Emperor and assumed the royal title of Farid al-Din Sher Shah. He was succeeded by his son, Jalal Khan who took the title of Islam Shah Suri. Sher Shah Suri was the founder of the Sur Empire in North India. His mausoleum, the Sher Shah Suri Tomb (122 ft high), stands in the middle of an artificial lake at Sasaram, a town on the Grand Trunk Road. Promotion of art and architecture. The Sher Shah Suri administration was based on the old institutions in a new spirit, and in this task attained to much success that he almost transformed the medieval Indian administration and made it serve the interest of the people. 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